Climate resilient water harvesting for rural areas (NAPA II)

Posted on: August 4th, 2016

Total Fund:Nu. 19.08m
Duration: Jan 2014 – Dec 2017
Funded by: UNDP-GEF
Executed by: National Environment Commission (NEC)
Sites: Monggar, Tsirang, Pemagatshel, Samtse

Project Objectives:
• By 2018, sustainable and green economic growth that is equitable, inclusive, climate and disaster resilient and promotes poverty reduction and employment opportunities particularly for vulnerable groups enhanced
• Community resilience to climate-induced risks strengthened in at least four Dzongkhags
• Climate-resilient water harvesting, storage and distribution systems designed, built and rehabilitated in at least four dzongkhags, including one municipality

Project sites & beneficiaries:

Monggar: Kengkhar gewog, Murung- 15 hhs, Nanaric-15 hhs, Shingchongri-15 hhs , Tongla-17 hhs, Tsalabi-15 hhs, Yudaric-15 hhs.
Samtse: Dophuchen Gweog, LotokuchuJigme-46 hhs, LotokuchuSingye-48 hhs, LotokuchuWangchuck-31 hhs, Lumbey-27 hhs.
Tsirang: Tsirang-toe, Tsirang-toe-45 hhs, Kapasing-57 hhs, Thaktsang-17 hhs, Tongsingnang-37 hhs.
Pemagatshel: Chimung Gewog, Redingla-6 hhs, Chimung-40 hhs, Nyasjhar-25 hhs, Dungmin Gewog: Mikuri-30 hhs, Bangyul-30 hhs, Teptepla-10 hhs

1. Baseline survey completed for 20 villages in four Dzongkhags (Total 519 households) to determine:
a) the socio-economic state of the respondents
b) access to amenities/services
c) health and sanitation condition
d) perception and knowledge of rain water harvesting
e) Current status of water availability and demand in target communities.

2. Field visit by the international consultant to the project sites to assess the on-ground situation and propose suitable interventions, which has been adopted in all project sites:
o Clearance of invasive alien vegetation
o Erosion control/prevention with terrace borders
o Ground water recharge
o Inter cropping of shade trees along the terrace edges for control of soil erosion as well as trapping water along the gullies and water channels
o Prevention of water contamination through identifying and planting trees and shrubs to act as phyto-remediation and installation of slow-sand filtration

3. Water user committees formed and saving scheme initiated:
o Monggar – 5 groups
o Samtse – 5 groups
o Tsirang – 7 groups
o Pemagatshel – 4 groups
4. Capacity of community members in the targeted villages has been enhanced in:
o Construction of log, bamboo and stone check dams which would not only prevent loss of topsoil but also retain free flowing waters as they would gradually recharge the ground water table and act as storage.
o Basic landslide and erosion control measures
o land management and water source protection Dzongkhag No. of reservoir tanks constructed No. of water harvesting tanks installed Training on watershed & land management (Participants) Training on Local Organic Climate Change Action and Learning (Participants) Training on Bamboo Water Filtration Training on Zero Energy Cold Storage Native and water friendly plants planted HDPE pipes supplied
1 Monggar 17 54 59 M,36F 23M,17F 8,366 192
2 Samtse 8 12 5M,1F 72M,87F 19M, 16F 3,300 19
3 Tsirang 2 31 59M,24 F 34M,16F 2,515 80
4 Pemagatshel 2 12 27M, 10F 4,219 50
Total 29 109 184 (123M & 61F) 127 (84m & 43F) 72M,87F 19M,16F 18,400 plants 341 rolls

Reports from the field indicate that these interventions have been successful in mitigating the water issues and the communities have access to water during the water stressed seasons. More efforts are being undertaken to recharge the ground water table and aquifers and protect the water sources and springs.